Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure doctors used to look at, diagnose, and treat problems inside a joint. It usually results in less joint pain and stiffness than open surgery. Recovery generally takes less time. A small incision in the patient’s skin helps to insert pencil-sized instruments. The small lens in the equipment is used for magnifying purpose and their is a inbuilt lighting system to illuminate the structures which are seen inside the joint. This is how a surgeon has done in an arthroscopic examination.
The Light is allowed to transmit through the fibre optics straight to the end of the arthroscope that is inserted directly into the joint. Then the procedure is continued by attaching the arthroscope to a miniature television camera which helps the surgeon to see the interior of the joint within. This is a very small incision rather than a large incision needed for surgery. This will display the image of the joint on a television screen, allowing the surgeon to look throughout the knee. This will let the surgeon see the cartilage, ligaments, and the kneecap. Arthroscopic surgeon can thus determine the amount or type of injury and then repair or correct the problem if it is required.
Why is arthroscopy necessary?
Diagnosing the injuries of joints and disease is done through a thorough medical history, physical examination, and usually X-rays. Additional tests like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) also may be needed for the diagnosis. A final diagnosis is made through the arthroscope, which may be more accurate than the open surgery or from X-ray studies. Both the diseases and injuries can damage bones, cartilage, ligaments, muscles, and tendons etc.
How is arthroscopy performed?
Rather than open surgery, arthroscopic surgery is much easier in terms of recovery. It still requires the use of anaesthetics and the special equipment in a hospital operating room or outpatient surgical suite. Depending on the joint or suspected problem, you will be given a general, spinal, or a local anaesthetic. A small incision which is about the size of a buttonhole will be made to insert the arthroscope. To see other parts of the joint or insert other instruments, we need several other incisions.
A specially designed instrument which is inserted into the joint through accessory incisions is performed with corrective surgery. At first, arthroscopy was simply a diagnostic tool for planning standard open surgery. In recent times innovative instrumentation and surgical techniques have arrived and this has helped in treating several conditions arthroscopically.
What are the advantages of arthroscopic surgery?
A lot of public attention has been received as arthroscopic surgery is used to treat well-known athletes. It is an extremely valuable tool for all orthopaedic patients and is generally easier on the patient rather than open surgery. Most patients have their arthroscopic surgery as outpatients and can go home several hours after the surgery. It is an extremely valuable tool for all orthopaedic patients and is generally easier on the patient rather than open surgery. Most patients have their arthroscopic surgery as outpatients and can go home several hours after the surgery.
Arthroscopic Surgery is a very safe procedure even though some complications are uncommon. Those problems may include:
Tissue or nerve damage. Within the joint, the placement and movement of the instruments can damage the joint’s structures.
Infection. Any type of invasive surgery may carry a risk of infection.
Blood clots. Procedures that last longer than an hour can increase the risk of blood clots developing either in legs or lungs.
When to see the doctor?
Complications are rare. They happen in fewer than one in a hundred cases. If anyone has complications, it can include infection, blood clots, damage to the blood vessels or nerves, and excessive bleeding or swelling. Instruments can also break during surgery. Several weeks is required to recover maximally, even though the puncture wounds are small and pain that underwent arthroscopy is minimal. A specific activity and rehabilitation program may be suggested to speed up the recovery and protect future joint function. You would be able to gain further information about the same by contacting Dr Madhu Thumu, who is a well-known expert in the field. He will diagnose and suggest the exact surgery for the problems you are facing.